Sure signs of crack cocaine use:
If a person has used within the past hour his or her pupils will
be huge and glassy. This goes along with symptoms that can occur
anytime along which may include; sweating, drastic weight loss,
sensitivity to light and sound, very hyper and does not sleep
followed by exhaustion, not eating then eating like crazy, sexual
dysfunction, extreme sexual fantasy but cannot follow through,
dramatic mood changes, extreme self confidence that you know will
never happen, anger, depression, paranoid, suicide thinking, unable
to hold a job, intense arguing, very chatty, financial and legal
problems, not paying bills, no food in the house, highly skilled at
covering up the where’s, the who’s, and the what’s, denies and lies.
He or she may have burns on mouth or hands from smoking crack and
unable to control urination or bowel movements. Sometimes there are
allergic reactions to crack cocaine or the additives in street
drugs, menstrual cycle problems, malnutrition, and infections in the
brain. If you think they are using they are
About Cocaine / Crack
What is cocaine?
Cocaine is derived from Erythroxylon coca, a densely-leafed plant
native to South America. It is widely cultivated in Bolivia, Peru,
Ecuador, and Columbia, currently the source of some 80 percent of
the world's cocaine. Cocaine is the world's most powerful naturally
Coca and its derivatives are usually used in one of four ways: -
The leaves are sucked or chewed. - Coca paste is eaten or smoked,
primarily in some South American slums. - Cocaine hydrochloride, or
cocaine powder, a white crystalline powder with a bitter, numbing
taste is sniffed or diluted and then injected. - Freebase or crack
cocaine is made by cooking cocaine hydrochloride with ammonia or
baking soda. Freebase was originally produced in an explosive,
multi-step process. Crack is safer to produce - no explosions. Crack
and freebase are smoked from pipes; burnt on a piece of tin foil; or
mixed with tobacco or marijuana in a smokeable joint.
How is "crack" different from "cocaine?" For most of its history,
cocaine has been abused in a powder that is sniffed or diluted then
injected. Sniffed powder cocaine produces a high in about 15
minutes. The high lasts about half an hour. Powder cocaine has been
abused by the wealthy and middle classes since the late 1800s, and
has destroyed many thousands of those abusers. Some abusers have
cooked cocaine with other chemicals to make a smokeable form of the
drug that creates a quicker, more intense high. This process is
called freebasing. Freebasing never became popular because it often
caused sudden deadly explosions. In the early 1980s, drug dealers
discovered a way to cook cocaine without the risk of explosions.
Crack cocaine was born. Crack is actually a less pure type of
freebase cocaine. It has the super-strong, quick high of freebase
cocaine without the explosiveness. In addition, a dose strong enough
for a huge high can be sold very cheaply. Suddenly cocaine, which
had been a rich person's drug, became available to the poor. Drug
dealers swarmed over the poorest inner-city neighborhoods selling
this poison in the 80s and 90s, ruining hundreds of thousands of
Powder Cocaine Crack
· Very fine in texture, like flour. · Chemically processed into
rock-like chunks, about the size of peas.
· Often mixed with other drugs or substances (amphetamine,
caffeine, strychnine, talcum powder, etc.,) making it more toxic. ·
Combined with ammonia or baking soda and may contain various
· Is sniffed up the nose; may be rubbed on gums or other tissues.
· Is smoked in a pipe.
· Takes 15-30 minutes to have an effect. · Takes about 10 seconds
to have an effect.
· Has a "high" that lasts 15-30 minutes. · Has a "high" that
lasts less than 10 minutes.
· Is very expensive per dose.
· U.S. MANDATORY MINIMUM prison sentence for possession = 5 years
for 4 ounces (500 g.)
· Is not expensive by the dose.
· US MANDATORY MINIMUM prison sentence for possession = 5 years
for one-fifth of an ounce (5 g.)
History of Cocaine and Crack Use
In ancient times, South American natives used coca for religious
and medicinal purposes. They used its stimulant properties to fight
fatigue and hunger, and to enhance endurance. The Spanish
conquistador banned coca at first, but when they discovered that the
addicted natives could barely work the fields in the gold mines
without it, they began to distribute it to the workers three or four
times a day.
The Spanish conquistadors introduced coca to Europe, where it was
used only occasionally until the 19th Century. The active ingredient
of the coca plant was first isolated in 1859. Coca leaves were soon
processed into cocaine hydrochloride, the powder form of the drug.
However, cocaine was taken mostly in liquid form at that time,
whether by mouth or by injection. Sigmund Freud experimented with
cocaine extensively in the latter part of the century. Doctors began
to use cocaine as an antidote to morphine addiction, but some of the
patients ended up addicted to both.
In 1863, the coca wine Vin Mariani went on sale throughout
France. It contained 6 mg cocaine per ounce of wine in France, but
exported Vin Mariani contained 7.2 mg per ounce to compete with the
higher cocaine content of American competitors.
German ophthalmologist, Carl Koller, discovered cocaine's
effectiveness as an anesthetic for eye surgery in about 1880. Until
that time, eye surgery was done without adequate anesthesia,
sometimes requiring a conscious patient to move his eye without
flinching as a surgeon directed him.
Cocaine was soon sold over-the-counter. Until 1914, one could buy
it at department stores. It was widely used in tonics, toothache
cures and patent medicines, and in chocolate cocaine tablets.
Coca-Cola was introduced in 1886 and was promoted as a drink "offering the virtues of coca without the vices of alcohol." Until
1903, a typical serving contained around 60mg of cocaine. The new
beverage was invigorating and popular. Today, Coca-Cola is still
flavored with an extract of coca-leaves, but contains none of the
By 1890, the addicting and psychosis-producing nature of cocaine
was well understood in the medical community, but no laws banning
the general use of the drug were made until 1914. Perhaps it was
cocaine's effectiveness in reducing the swelling of mucous
membranes, consequently enlarging the nasal and bronchial passages,
that gave users the idea of sniffing cocaine. Whatever the origin of
that idea, by 1905 it was the most popular method of using the drug.
In 1910, the first cases of nasal damage from cocaine snorting were
written of in medical literature. In 1912, the U.S. Government
reported 5,000 deaths from cocaine use -- when the US population was
only a third of what it is today!
Effects of Cocaine Use
There is no safe way to use cocaine! The health risks become much
worse when combined with alcohol or other drugs. Alcohol and cocaine
combined produce cocaethylene, which intensifies cocaine's effects
and may increase the risk of sudden death. Cocaine's many dangers
Altered heart rhythm
Very high or very low blood pressure
Endocarditis -- Heart infection
Lung Damage and Disease
Ruptured lung structures
Irritability and mood disturbances
Auditory hallucinations (imaginary sounds that seem real.)
Formication - The sensation that insects are crawling under the
Reproductive System Damage
Sexual dysfunction in both males and females
Menstrual cycle disturbances
Infertility in both males and females
Danger During Pregnancy
Miscarriage, premature delivery, or stillbirth of pregnancies
Low birth weight, smaller head size, and shorter length in
Deformities in newborns of addicted mothers or addicted fathers.
Burns in mouth and on hands from smoking
"Tracks" - puncture marks on arms or wherever injections are made
Infections and sores associated with injection tracks.
Incontinence (inability to control urination and/or bowel
Allergic reactions to cocaine or the additives in street drugs
Brain infections - both bacterial and fungal, sometimes leading
Weight loss and malnourishment due to decreased appetite for food
Gangrene (rot) of bowels and other body parts from lack of
More risk-taking behavior, including unsafe sex
Increased risk of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis, either from unsafe sex
or using infected needles